I attended a Graduate School workshop the other day on the PhD Examination process... really valuable session for those of us approaching the final stretch of the thesis journey..
In another session, I was invited to talk to new PhD & EdD students about some of the key issues in the doctoral process. Someone asked me who I was writing my thesis for... I was initially quite taken aback by the question. To me, it was obvious - the examiners! However, a couple of the other doctoral candidates had quite different perspectives on this... answers ranged from writing for themselves, to writing for a community within their discipline and so on...
But, if we look at the thesis itself - in Australia - that document is the final, examinable piece of written work from however many years of research it has taken you to arrive at - that's what 3 annonymous examiners will read, independently of each other, and base their reports and subsequent recommendations on... So - why wouldn't I be writing my thesis for my target audience? My examiners?
Now - back at the exmaination workshop - Dave Boud, Dean of the Graduate School - referred to a paper: " 'It's a PhD, not a Nobel Prize': how experienced examiners assess research theses" Mullins & Kiley (2002) (full reference below) !
This is a must read for any Australian PhD candidates preparing to sumbit their thesis!
The paper reports on a study of experienced examiners (having examined at least 5 theses over the last 5 years) and their processes for making judgements... !
Here are a couple of findings I found valuable:
- experienced examiners expect the thesis to pass
- experienced examiners spend 3 - 4 days fulltime examining a thesis - often over a period of 2- 3 weeks
- first impressions count! Most examiners come to a decision aoub the quality of a thesis by chapter 2
- most examiners read the abstract first, then the introduction, followed by the conclusion to guage the scope of the work - then look at the references
- questions the examiners have in mind as they read:
How would they have tackled the problem?
What questions would they like answers to?
Do the conclusions follow on from the introduction?
Is the bibliography up-to-date and substantial enough?
Are the results worthwhile?
How much work has actually been done?
What is the intellectual depth and rigour of the thesis?
Is this acutally research - is there an argument? (p.377)
- characteristics of a poor thesis as described by the examiners:
lack of coherence
lack of understanding of the theory
lack of confidence
researching the wrong problem
mixed or confused methodological perspectives
work that is not original
- the development of a well structured argument was one of the most highly valued aspects of a good thesis
In the discussion of the results Mullins & Kiley summarise the final judgement of a thesis as being determined by:
- the student's confidence and independence
- a creative view of the topic
- the structure of the argument
- the coherence of theorectical and methodoligical perspectives, and
- evidence of critical self-assesment by the student.
And the final comment sums it up really...
" A PhD is three years of solid work, not a Nobel Prize..." (p.386)
So - bummer - for all us who thought there might be a Nobel Prize at the end of the journey...
Reference: Mullins, G. & Kiley, M. (2002), It's a PhD, not a Nobel Prize: how experienced examiners asses research theses, Studies in Higher Education, 27, 4, pp.369-386
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